Explore Sardinia’s 7,000 Bronze Age nuragic towers

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Sardinia is a very interesting Italian island with a long and complex history. While Sicily has long been at the crossroads of history, Sardinia has generally been on the sidelines. One of the most remarkable pieces of Sardinian history today are the remains of the ancient Nuragic culture and around 7,000 Nuragic towers on the island.

Another of Sardinia’s attractions is its stunning white sand beaches, and the sand is very white. If you go there, do not remove the sand because it is strictly protected (there is a problem with the beaches disappearing due to sand thieves). people can be a fine of up to $3,000.

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The prehistoric nuragic civilization of Sardinia

The Nuragic civilization was an ancient culture in Sardinia that lasted approximately from the 18th century BC (or Bronze Age) to Roman times. The Romans colonized Sardinia in 238 BC. AD (which marked the end of sustainable civilization).

  • Nuragic civilization: Duration approx. 18th century BC to 238 BC
  • Colonized: 238 BC. By Rome

The dates are disputed; some claim that civilization started as early as the 23rd century BC and lasted as long as the 2nd AD or even long after Roman times until the 11th century AD in some areas like Barbagia. No written records of this civilization have been discovered, all written information about them coming from classical Greek and Roman literature. Much of this information may be more myth than true story.

The Greeks were so impressed with these tower fortresses that they even tried to claim the Nuraghe as one of their own works.

Related: Uncover the Mystery of England’s 2,000+ Year Old Iron Age Tunnels

The Nuragic Tower Fortresses of Sardinia

The name “Nuragic” comes from the many fortress towers on the island called “nuraghe”. They were built by the ancient Sardinians, and there are still over 7,000 that dot the Sardinian landscape today. Some archaeologists believe there may have been more than 10,000 originally – some even claimed the number could be as high as 20,000 to 30,000 rounds.

They are ancient megalithic buildings from the Nuragic age (between around 1900 and 730 BC).

  • Built: Between 1900 BC and 730 BC
  • Number: About 7,000 are found today
  • Total built: Estimated to be over 10,000

They are usually found on top of hills and occupy strategic positions. Their exact function remains a subject of debate. Only a few of the nuraghe have been excavated and scientifically studied. They probably had different uses – including for defense. It is also believed that the Nuraghe also slept and lived in the towers – they could also have stored food there. They may also have been status symbols.

  • Objective: Remains a matter of debate

They were built in dry stone without any binder. They remain one of Brochs – Scotland’s ancient skyscrapers that can still be seen today.


Related: Ireland’s bogs preserve sacrificial bodies and artefacts

Exploring nuragic towers in Sardinia today

Today they have become the symbol of Sardinia, and while they are present throughout Sardinia, they are more concentrated in the west. There is a Nuraghe every five square kilometres, and it is hard to miss them when traveling through the Sardinian countryside.

They will be seen from the side of the road and from trains. The best way to see them is to rent a car and drive around the island to visit different sites.

  • Height: Up to 30 meters or 100 feet

They were designed with a central tower surrounded by a perimeter wall. Sometimes they had an accompanying settlement. The tower could measure up to 30 meters high.


Remarkable Nuragic Towers In Sardinia

Some Remarkable nuraghe to visit are:

Su Nuraxi, Barumi:

Complex composed of a central tower or keep and four corners connected by a bastion. These are surrounded by a labyrinth of 50 huts, cisterns and wells. The keep is the oldest tower and was originally 18.5 meters high. It is made of basalt – volcanic stone.

  • Location: Near Giara in south-central Sardinia
  • Classified by UNESCO: The only Sardinian site registered with UNESCO

Nuraghe Santu Antine, Torralba:

This nuraghe is considered one of the most sophisticated dry stone constructions in the world. It is the most impressive of the Nuraghe Valley (one of the places with the greatest concentration of prehistoric buildings on the island).

  • Built: Between the 16th century and the 9th century BC
  • Location: Nuragha Valley

Nuraghe Losa, Abbasanta:

Has three towers of incredible size and complexity. It stands on the basalt plateau of Abbasanta, about 5 km or 3 miles from the small Sardinian town of Oristano. Walk around this massive structure and admire what ancient civilization must have looked like.

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