– Extreme fires engulfed huge tracts of land, destroyed homes and threatened livelihoods across the world in the first half of 2022.
Below is a list of the biggest fires – once relatively rare events that scientists say have become increasingly frequent and ferocious, fueled by heat waves, droughts and the growing threat of climate change.
* In South Korea, a fire broke out in the coastal county of Uljin, threatening the Hanul nuclear power plant. /earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/149551/wildfires-tank-south-korea at NasaEarth Observatory Services.
* In Morocco, several fires ravaged the provinces of Larache, Ouezzane, Tetouane and Taza. They burned nearly 5,000 acres, displaced thousands and killed one person.
* In a Czech national park on the German border, a fire broke out on July 24 and burned about 5,651.3 acres, according to a report https://www.gdacs.org/report.aspx?eventtype=WF&eventid =1007792 from the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System(GDACS).
* In France, wildfires broke out in southwestern Gironde, burning around 47,700 acres as of July 19. About 34,000 people evacuated.
* In Germany, a fire at an ammunition depot in west Berlin on August 4 burned a wooded area the size of three football pitches and triggered explosions.
* In Greece, a forest fire broke out on July 23 on the island of Lesbos near Turkey. It consumed about 4,200.8 acres, according to the European Space Agency. This month, multiple fires raged near the city of Athens as well as in the western Peloponnese, in northern Greece, and on the island of Salamina.
* In Italy, a fire broke out on July 20 near Carso and spread to the Slovenian border. It had burned over 5,000 acres by July 21.
On July 19, a fire broke out in Tuscany and destroyed 1,606 acres as of July 20.
* In Portugal, a forest fire that devastated the municipality of Murca consumed an estimated 24,711 to 29,653 acres and killed two people.
Earlier in July, several forest fires broke out in the municipality of Ourém and burned more than 7,413.1 acres, according to a report by Copernicus, the EU’s emergency management service.
* In Spain, as of July 19, more than 30 forest fires were still ravaging parts of the country. Authorities focused on fires in Castile and Leon and Galicia.
On July 18, a fire broke out in the province of Zaragoza and burned approximately 4,942 acres, according to a report https://emergency.copernicus.eu/mapping/list-of-components/EMSR597 by Copernicus.
Earlier, a fire broke out in Zamora province and burned at least 49,421 acres of land.
On June 8, firefighters managed to stabilize a forest fire in the province of Malaga that ravaged 8,600 acres of woods and bushes.
* In Turkey, a forest fire broke out on July 13 in the province of Mugla, along the Aegean coast. Nearly 1,800 acres were ravaged and some 3,530 people were evacuated.
* In Canada, a fire broke out on July 14 in British Columbia and burned nearly 2,000 acres.
* In the United States, the so-called McKinney Fire in northern California near the Oregon border charred 56,000 acres, forced some 4,500 residents to flee and killed four people.
Oak Fire, just west of Yosemite National Park in California, burned 19,244 acres on July 26 and about 3,700 homes had to be evacuated.
On July 8, a fire broke out in part of Yosemite National Park, home to some of the largest and oldest giant sequoias in the world. As of July 13, the blazes had consumed 3,772 acres, according to a report https://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/article/8209/69630 from InciWeb, a US interagency all-hazards incident information management system.
On April 17, the pipeline fire in Arizona burned more than 20,000 acres and prompted more than 2,100 homes to evacuate.
In New Mexico, the largest fire was the merger of the Hermits Peak and Calf Canyon fires in San Miguel and Santa Fe counties, which started on April 6 and April 19, respectively, and charred 341,735 acres as of July 15, according to InciWeb https://inciweb.nwcg.gov/incident/8049.
In California on January 21, the Colorado Fire began, burning as of January 22 about 1,500 acres.
* In Argentina, the Corrientes forest fires, in the province of Corrientes, near the borders of Paraguay, started in February and ravaged an estimated 2,223,948 acres of nature. He moved or killed wild animals such as capybaras and alligators.
REMARK: For this list, a fire is classified as “extreme” after burning 1,000 acres or more.