Baku, April 14, AZERTAC
Hierapolis-Pamukkale – a natural site located in the Turkish province of Denizli in the southwestern part of the country, famous for its unreal landscape, mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced pools, has been added to the list UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.
The white paradise of Pamukkale offers unique wellness treatment opportunities with its ancient hot springs and mineral-rich thermal pools.
The site has been known as a spa town and spa center for millennia and is particularly famous for its white limestone travertines, shaped by calcium-rich hot springs.
At the end of the 2nd century BC. J.-C., the dynasty of Attalides, kings of Pergamon, establishes the thermal spa of Hiérapolis. Today, the ruins of baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen on the site.
This extraordinary landscape was a focus for visitors to the nearby Hellenistic spa town of Hierapolis, founded by the Attalid kings of Pergamon in the late 2nd century BC. AD, on the site of an ancient cult. Its hot springs were also used for washing and drying wool.
Ceded to Rome in 133 BC, Hierapolis flourished, reaching its peak in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, after being destroyed by an earthquake in 60 AD and rebuilt. The remains of the Greco-Roman period include baths, ruins of temples, a monumental arch, a nymphaeum, a necropolis and a theater.
After Emperor Constantine accepted Christianity and established Constantinople as the “new Rome” in AD 330, the city became a bishopric. As the site of Saint Philip’s martyrdom in 80 AD, commemorated by its Martyrium building in the 5th century, Hierapolis with its several churches became an important religious center for the Eastern Roman Empire.
The combination of striking natural formations and the development of a complex system of canals, bringing thermal water to nearby villages and fields, is exceptional.
The springs are the source of a hydraulic system extending 70 km northwest to Alasehir and west along the valley of the Menderes River. Pamukkale forms an important backdrop to the original Greco-Roman city of Hierapolis and the cultural landscape that dominates the region.
Hierapolis is an exceptional example of a Greco-Roman thermal installation located on an extraordinary natural site. The therapeutic virtues of the waters were exploited in the various thermal facilities, which included huge hot water pools and bathing pools.
Hydrotherapy is accompanied by religious practices which develop in relation to local cults.
The temple of Apollo, which brings together several chthonian deities, was erected on a geological fault from which noxious vapors escaped.
The theatre, which dates from the time of Severus, is decorated with an admirable frieze representing a ritual procession and a sacrifice to Artemis of Ephesus.
The necropolis, which extends over 2 kilometres, offers a vast panorama of funerary practices from the Greco-Roman era.
The calcite-laden waters of the hot springs, emerging from a nearly 200-meter-high cliff overlooking the plain, have created a visually stunning landscape in Pamukkale.
These mineralized waters have generated a series of petrified waterfalls, stalactites and pools with step-like terraces, some of which are less than one meter high while others reach six meters high.
Fresh deposits of calcium carbonate give these formations a dazzling white coating. The Turkish name Pamukkale, meaning “cotton castle”, is derived from this striking landscape.
AZERTAG.AZ :Hierapolis-Pamukkale – remains of the ancient city recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
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