Irredentism, Vladimir Putin and an Augustinian Echo – Mainline Media News

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According to tradition, on September 21, 19 BC. AD, Publius Vergilius Maro, known as Vergil, died on his return from his trip to Greece, in the port city of Brundisium, in southern Italy.

Having established his capacity for literary innovation, an unparalleled intellectual reputation, and seduced a young audience with the composition of the “Eclogues” and the “Georgiques”, Vergil, the modest poet from the city of the Andes, was chosen by Auguste César to compose the famous Roman epic “the Aeneid”.

Sources say that when he died, Virgil had not yet completed the final copy of his precious tribute to the Trojan hero Aeneas, the Roman people and the pedigree of the authoritarian regime of Octavian Augustus, the great-nephew of the illustrious Julius Caesar.

The story goes that, on his deathbed, Vergil ordered that the scrolls be destroyed rather than risk diminishing his artistic and poetic legacy.

It can be said that there are several special moments in the narration, and there is an iconoclastic undertone, including a suspicion regarding the role of the gods in human activity.

Nevertheless, there emerges a plan, in hindsight, for Roman expansion originating with Aeneas and his fellow refugees, survivors of the defeat of Troy at the hands of the Achaean Greeks.

Aeneas’ journey followed from Asia Minor through the dangers of the Mediterranean Sea to the west coast of the Italian peninsula, with a final settlement achieved in Lazio, central Italy, after a series tribal skirmishes and successful diplomatic overtures.

Gaining a new wife named Lavinia, the daughter of the king of the Latin tribe, establishing military alliances with the Arcadian Greek king Evander, and developing prospects for a somewhat peaceful coexistence with the native peoples characterized the Vergilian Aeneas.

This plan was the legacy of Augustus, the first Roman emperor, who reigned from 27 BC to 14 AD.

However, one must never forget, and always remember, the ancestry of the Clan Julian of Augustus originating in Troy with Prince Aeneas, son of King Priam, as the source of lineage – and homeland – of the Roman race. .

This constructed Augustan ancestry provided the essential retrospective justification for the centuries-old eastward land acquisition from Macedonia and Greece to the artifice of ancient Troy and the ultimate conquest of Asia Minor.

At the end of the text received from the “Aeneid”, Aeneas has spectacularly defeated in battle his last adversary, Turnus, leader of the indigenous Rutuli tribe of Italy, and laid the foundations for eventual growth, over centuries, of the Roman Empire. .

If the term “irredentism”, a territorial claim based on a national, ethnic or historical basis, did not exist as a Greek or Latin word in antiquity, it appears retrospectively relevant.

The origin of “irredentism” comes from the Italian word “irredento”, “unredeemed”.

According to Britannica Online, the term first referred to an Italian political movement in the late 1800s and early 1900s that sought to detach predominantly Italian regions from Switzerland and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. and to incorporate these territories into the new Italian State, thus “redeeming” these territories.

In the 21st century, in many cases, an irredentist movement is referred to as the creation of a “big x”, the “x” being the name of a country or state of origin – for example, the quest for a Greater Serbia was partly responsible for the Yugoslav succession wars in the 1990s.

Also, the Greater Romania project, România Mare, was partly responsible for Romania’s decision to side with the Axis powers during World War II.

“Irredentism” is the process by which part of an existing state or historic country breaks away and merges with another country or alliance.

The importance of “irredentism” in international relations is based on the intersection between nationalism, perceived economic advantage, and the causes of war.

Since any irredentist movement or action can invariably mean taking land from another state or region, irredentist claims are known to cause ethnic conflict and threats of territorial aggression.

The continuing discord between countries and states means that the potential for irredentist wars remains serious.

Going back to the 9th century, based on Britannica documentation online, the name “Rus”, also spelled “Ros”, referred to an ancient people who gave their name to the lands of Russia and Belarus.

Their origin and identity are strongly disputed by scholars. Mainstream Western scholars believe it to be Norse Vikings, an offshoot of the Varangians, who moved south from the Baltic coast and founded the first consolidated state among the Eastern Slavs, centered on Kiev.

Russian scholars, as well as some Westerners, regard the Rus as a southeastern Slavic tribe that founded a tribal league, claiming that the state of Kiev was the creation of the Slavs and was only briefly attacked and held by the Varangians.

Looking back, Vladimir Putin, born October 7, 1952 in Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, now St. Petersburg, studied law at Leningrad State University, where his tutor was Anatoly Sobchak, more later one of the main reforming politicians of the perestroika period.

For a period of 15 years, Putin served as a foreign intelligence officer for the KGB, the committee for state security, including six years in Dresden, East Germany.

In 1990, Putin retired from active KGB service with the rank of lieutenant colonel and returned to Russia to become pro-rector of Leningrad State University, responsible for the institution’s external relations.

Soon after, Putin became an adviser to his mentor Sobchak, the first democratically elected mayor of St. Petersburg. He quickly gained Sobchak’s trust and became known for his ability to get things done. in 1994, he had acceded to the post of first deputy mayor.

During the period from 1994 to the Russian presidential election in March 2018, Putin had positioned himself in various positions and it seemed almost certain that Putin would win a fourth presidential term by a wide margin.

In fact, the brilliant strategist, former head of the KGB, supreme nationalist and devotee of Mother Russia has prevailed to the present day, perhaps a symbol of irredentism, or stubborn imperialism, and ultimately an Augustan echo of the expansion towards its previous dominance.

Mary Brown, adjunct professor of Latin at Saint Joseph’s University, is executive director of the Classical Association of the Atlantic States and president of the Philadelphia Classical Society.

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