Mysterious ancient city-palace discovered underwater after site drowned by river – Reuters

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Excavators believe they have uncovered the lost city of Zakhiku with several old writing tablets, artwork and ancient palace walls exposed after the Mosul reservoir in Iraq was drained

Aerial view of the excavations at the Bronze Age architecture partly submerged in the lake

An ancient city-palace has been discovered underwater after a reservoir was drained in the Middle East.

Photos show incredible ruins believed to be the lost city of Zakhiku which was the center of the Mitanni Empire 3,400 years ago.

Archaeologists have mapped the settlement that dates back thousands of years.

It emerged from the waters of the Tigris when part of the Mosul Dam reservoir was drained in what is now Iraq.

The country is one of the most affected by climate change, with temperatures reaching up to 45 degrees, leaving residents with no choice but to draw water from the reservoir for irrigation.

German and Kurdish excavators working at the site discovered ancient towers and writing tablets wrapped in clay casings.







A restorer working on the writing tablets
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Image:

Universities of Friborg and Tübingen, KAO/Newsflash)








The walls of the old storage building
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Image:

Universities of Friborg and Tübingen, KAO/Newsflash)


Walls measuring 10 feet high dating back thousands of years ago were found still standing, despite being made of sun-dried mud and submerged in water.

This may be due to an earthquake that turned the upper parts into rubble that served as a protective cover over the centuries, according to the Smithsonian Institution.

Funding for the excavations was arranged by the University of Freiburg and the University of Tübingen in Germany.







Pottery vessels where writing tablets were stored
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Image:

Universities of Friborg and Tübingen, KAO/Newsflash)


Dr Ivana Puljiz, assistant professor of archeology at Freiburg, said the ancient building used thousands of years ago was of particular significance.

“Huge amounts of goods must have been stored there, probably brought in from all over the region,” she added.

While Peter Pfälzner, professor of archeology at the University of Tübingen, said the survival of the writing tablets was “close to a miracle”.







The Kemune archaeological site in the dried up area of ​​the Mosul Reservoir
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Image:

Universities of Friborg and Tübingen, KAO/Newsflash)


Vibrant blue and red murals, as well as a palace with walls 22 feet high were also discovered at the site.

Researchers hope the latest find will offer more insight into the city’s downfall and shed more light on the daily lives of its residents.

The Mittani Empire once stretched from the Zagros Mountains in Iran to the Mediterranean.

First founded by the IndoIranians of Mesopotamia and Syria, there were many battles for control of Syria with the Egyptians until a truce was agreed.







Ancient buildings are measured and documented archaeologically
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Image:

Universities of Friborg and Tübingen, KAO/Newsflash)


In 2016, adventurers and treasure hunters discovered what was believed to be a sunken city discovered off the coast of Greece.

The site, which consists of doughnut-shaped structures and cobblestone floors, is actually just a natural geological phenomenon, scientists have determined.

Discovered by divers near Alikanas Bay in Greece, the site was believed to be the ruins of a lost civilization hidden beneath the waves.

At the time, Professor Julian Andrews said: ‘The site was discovered by divers and was first believed to be an ancient city port, lost in the sea.

“There was what superficially looked like circular column bases and cobbled floors. But mysteriously, no other signs of life – such as pottery.”

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