Strong points

• COVID-19 cases increased rapidly in June as Mozambique entered its third wave; only 1 percent of the target population (54% of the country) is vaccinated.

• Since the attack on Palma at the end of March, more than 70,000 people have left the area.

• Each month, UNICEF reaches approximately 12 million people with COVID-19 messages to promote prevention and create demand for vaccines.

• Almost 511,000 children under five have been screened for acute malnutrition and over 294,000 children under 15 have been vaccinated against measles and rubella.

• UNICEF supports government cash transfers to over 20,000 households.

Situation in figures

689,000 children in need of humanitarian aid

1.3 million people in need (OCHA Dec 2020)

732,000 internally displaced (IOM, April 2021)

> 70,000 internally displaced people from Palma (IOM, July 2021)

Funding overview and partnerships

UNICEF’s 2021 Appeal for Humanitarian Action for Children, revised in June 2021 due to increased needs, calls for $ 96.5 million to provide life-saving and essential services to children and their caregivers in Mozambique. So far in 2021, UNICEF Mozambique has received $ 16.3 million for its humanitarian response from the governments of Canada, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Italy and the United Kingdom, as well as the Support from Education Cannot Wait and from the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund. This includes allocations from UNICEF’s unearmarked global humanitarian funding of $ 3.9 million. UNICEF expresses its sincere gratitude to all of our donors. The 2021 appeal, however, still has a funding gap of 69%, as detailed in Annex B. Significant needs remain for all of UNICEF’s ongoing emergency programs. Without the required funding, UNICEF will not be able to provide access to clean water, health and nutrition services, learning opportunities, essential child protection support and support. to survivors of gender-based violence.

Situation overview and humanitarian needs

The months of January to June 2021 were marked by security incidents that resulted in the continued displacement of the affected population in the province of Cabo Delgado. According to ACLED, from the end of April to June 2021, there were at least 49 events of organized violence and 263 reported deaths as a result of these events. The biggest attack during this period was the attack on Palma carried out on March 24 by non-state armed groups (NSAGs) which resulted in the destruction of government buildings and vital infrastructure such as banks, city towers. communication and power lines. The exodus of the fighting continues, with more than 70,000 people moving to other parts of the province, 43 percent of whom are children. In the last week of June alone, nearly 5,000 people left Palma for other districts.
Overall, there are at least 732,227 people displaced as a result of the conflict, of which 81 percent live with host families and 46 percent are children. About 90.5 percent of IDPs are in Cabo Delgado, 9 percent in Nampula and the rest are in Niassa, Zambezia and Sofala provinces. Limited funding, lack of access to districts in northern Cabo Delgado, and protection issues are among the major challenges facing UNICEF and its humanitarian partners.
According to FEWSNET, people affected by the conflict in Cabo Delgado are expected to remain in IPC phase 3 – or crisis phase – for food insecurity until January 2022. The situation is particularly worrying in inaccessible areas where remaining populations probably remain hidden in the bush and are at risk of an emergency outcome (IPC Phase 4).
The COVID-19 epidemic is active in Mozambique with two waves of high infection rates reported between January and February and a third wave starting at the end of June 2021. During the month of June, the positivity rate increased fivefold (from 5% at the end of May to 25% at the end of June); the number of cases has been multiplied by 15 (from 334 at the end of May to 5,013 at the end of June / beginning of July). This rapid increase in COVID-19 cases is believed to be the result of the arrival of the Delta variant which is now circulating with two others across the country. Since the arrival of COVID-19 in the country, the Ministry of Health has confirmed 91,886 cumulative cases with 1,013 deaths. The most affected areas are the city and province of Maputo, the provinces of Tete and Sofala. The country has a total of 1,462 beds for hospitalizations related to COVID-19, of which 24.8% are occupied (as of July 7, 2021). Occupancy in Maputo and Tete City is on the rise and critical with 44.5% and 73% of beds occupied, respectively. In terms of vaccination, health authorities have set a target of 17 million people (54 percent of the total population) to be vaccinated, however, so far only one percent (191,213 people) has received both doses. and two percent (376,523 people) received a dose of the vaccine.

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