Wine is above all an agricultural product. As such, it is susceptible to the whims of Mother Nature and the lashes of climate change.
A global warming of 2 degrees Celsius, or 35.6 degrees Fahrenheit, could lead to the loss of more than half of the world’s current vineyard land. An increase of 4 degrees Celsius, or just under 40 degrees Fahrenheit, takes that number to 85% of lost vineyard land.
The global wine industry has been impacted by climate change for decades. This rise in global temperatures is the difference between the catastrophic loss of vineyards in eastern France and a successful year for a pinot noir in Sweden.
While Italy, France and Spain are currently the three largest wine producers in the world, the map of wine-dominated regions in the world could change significantly over the next 30 years. In 2021 alone, vine yield is expected to drop by 9% in Italy and 29% in France due to climate-related weather events.
Plonk Wine Club has compiled a list of eight wine regions that are growing due to climate change. The list is based on research from a variety of sources, including local government databases and various news profiles by publications such as The New York Times and The Guardian.
Many regions on this list have been producing wine for centuries, even millennia. What makes them important is their expansion, but the successes of these regions are bittersweet. Milder cold seasons, longer harvests and changing soil composition – indicating a larger problem that threatens the wider world – mean regions once relegated to growing cold hardy wines can produce wine of equal quality. to that grown in Bordeaux or Burgundy.
Although the volume of these regions is relatively small, their potential continues to grow. Read on to learn more about where your next bottle of wine will come from.