Xiaokunshan Hill in Xiaokunshan City is in the southernmost part of the “Nine Peaks” of Songjiang – the hills of Shegong, Fenghuang, Xueshan, Sheshan, Chenshan, Tianma, Jishan, Hengyun and Xiaokunshan. Legend has it that Lu Ji (AD 261-303) and Lu Yun (AD 262-303), grandsons of Wu Kingdom (AD 222-280) general Lu Xun (AD 183-245), spent years to study tightly on the hill and are recognized for their literary talents. The city of Xiaokunshan, where the hill is located, once had 10 famous scenic spots, some of which, due to the vicissitudes of time, have fallen into oblivion. Recently, the city reinstated 10 new “Xiaokunshan Scenes” for visitors to experience its scenery and culture.
As a Chinese proverb says, “Any mountain can be famous with the presence of an immortal”. Xiaokunshan Hill, 54.3 meters high, is famous for its two brothers – Lu Ji and Lu Yun, renowned men of letters from the Western Jin Dynasty (265-317 AD). The Thatched House of the Lu Brothers in Xiaokunshan Park was built in memory of the two brothers who, after 10 years of hermetic studies on the hill, began their official duties in Luoyang, capital of the Jin Dynasty of the West. Both brothers were later killed in political unrest.
Since cranes were a symbolic animal in ancient Songjiang, Lu Ji, the elder brother, said, “Can I hear the cries of a crane again, reminding me of my hometown?” A replica of “Pingfu Tie”, Lu Ji’s calligraphy work and one of the first of its kind in China, is on display at the Lu brothers’ thatched-roof house. Palace in Beijing). Letters carved in stone can be spotted on the cliffs around the Nine Peaks Zen Temple on the hill. It is said that the reading platforms of the two brothers were located there.
Xia Family Park
Xia Family Park north of Dangwan Village in Xiaokunshan City was built to commemorate Xia Yunyi (1596-1645) and Xia Wanchun (1631-1647), father and son who died fighting Manchurian troops at Songjiang during the transition period between the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties.
In 1644, the Ming dynasty was overthrown. When the Manchu-led Qing dynasty army moved south and broke through the Jiangnan regions (regions south of the Yangtze River), Xia Yunyi resisted the Manchus but failed. He chose to commit suicide by drowning. Before his death, he urged his son Xia Wanchun to give their family properties to the military and fight the Manchus.
Xia Wanchun, a gifted poet, was overcome with grief and swore to fight the Manchus. In an annihilation by Manchurian troops, the army Xia Wanchun had joined was destroyed and he was captured. Xia Wanchun was killed, along with 30 other people including his father-in-law, after the enemy pressured them into surrendering.
Qian Qinzhuan, wife of Xia Wanchun, after experiencing the death of her father, husband and son, became a Buddhist nun for the rest of her life. Chen Yi (1901-1972), Shanghai’s first mayor, wrote inscriptions for the Xia family tomb. In June 2010, the park was listed as a patriotic education base in Songjiang.
Tangmiao Village Culture Relic Site
The Tangmiao Village Cultural Relics Site, 11 kilometers west of downtown Songjiang, was discovered during an archaeological survey by the Shanghai Cultural Relics Administration Committee in 1962. The site has was listed as a city-level cultural relic site in 1977. The numerous ancient cultural relics along the banks of the Huatian River in the village were unearthed in December 1980. The site covered 64,000 square meters and consisted of two phases of relics.
The later phase relics were found about 1.34-2.20 meters underground and included the early and late pottery culture period and the stone knives, pots and coins of the Han dynasty (206 BC). JC-220 AD). Relics from the earlier phase lay about 2.20 meters underground and mainly comprise four tombs. The grave goods, dating back around 6,000 years, consist of stone hatchets, plows, pottery cauldrons and cups.
The Ginkgo tree over 1000 years old
Songjiang now has three ginkgo trees over 1,000 years old. One of them, Xiaokunshan City No. 0006, survived a fire. Despite the fire, new branches have grown out of the scorched bark, and both the new tree and the old tree now look like a grandfather hugging a grandson. To protect the age-old tree, suburban neighborhood greenery authorities have laid out a park around the tree that includes other plants such as osmanthus and Chinese black pine, a lawn and a pebble-strewn path. .
The ringing slab bridge
Ringing Slab Bridge, or Xiangban Bridge, spans across the northeast end of a village river in Xiejia Village of Xiaokunshan City. The bridge dates back to the Qing Dynasty and its pillar structure’s resemblance to a pair of bells is said to increase people’s steps, hence its name “Ringing Slab Bridge”. The bridge is also called Yongxing Bridge because its architect’s first name was Yongxing.
The former residence of the Chen family
The former residence of the Chen family is a preserved Hui-style architecture inside the Xiaokunshan Industrial Park. Archaeologists said it was built around the 1920s-1930s. The residence belonged to a wealthy local Chen family. As industries grew in the city, the surrounding architectures were dismantled, leaving only a few farmlands and clearings as boundaries to protect the residence.
The Xietang Bridge Relic Site
The Xietang Bridge Relic Site is along the old Shanghai-Hangzhou Railway in Songjiang District. The construction of the old No. 34 Railway Bridge that crossed the Xietang River is said to have been overseen by newspaper magnate Shi Liangcai (1880-1934) when he worked for the Jiangsu Railway Company. The bridge also witnessed the Patriotic Railway Protection Movement in May 1911. Patriotic squires and merchants from Jiangsu and Zhejiang financed the construction of the Songjiang Bridge instead of accepting loans from imperialist countries. In the 1970s, a new railway bridge was built across the Xietang River, and the old one that had served for nearly a century was destroyed and dismantled. A bridge approach was preserved and later listed as an immovable cultural relic in Songjiang in June 2013.
The other three new “Scenes of Xiaokunshan” are Jiangnan Rice Park, Rice Culture Museum and Three Cherry Tree Avenues. The Rice Park and Rice Cultivation Museum, which are under construction, will provide visitors with beautiful idyllic scenery and information about rice history, cultivation and technology. The three avenues of cherry trees, with their annual romantic cherry blossoms, are said to have helped the city attract investment.